Saturday, March 2, 2013

What are Communicable Diseases?


Infectious diseases What is it? Infectious or contagious disease, not disease-causing microbes or parasites property so that the person transferring the body, he finds himself as a result of the disease.

As infectious diseases transmitted? Pathogens, viruses, bacteria, fungi riketsialar May. All infectious diseases to cross one or more of the characteristics of the people. From person to person, from animal to human, and soil contamination can happen to a person. Modes of transmission of infectious diseases are:

Aksırırken coughing or speaking edilmesiyle mouth drops from someone else (eg, tuberculosis, whooping cough, and a variety of respiratory diseases) inhalation;
Direct skin contact and sexual intercourse;
The patient used the laundry, bedroom furniture and food through the materials, such as;
Diseases of animals moved from person to person or from animal to person (eg, malaria);
Food and drinks contaminated with germs Hastalandırıcı acquisitions (primarily water-borne diseases, typhoid, dysentery, cholera, and can be seen in the context of paratyphoid Foods is a food poisoning and gastrointestinal tract may occur ..);
Sick mother to child during pregnancy or at birth bulaşmasıyla diseases (syphilis, rubella, gonorrhea bacterium can be transmitted in this way, his eye infection.).
Caused by the artificial immune system is weakened by people, given the dead germs or microbes. Antibodies are formed against them reproduce symptoms. So people will be protected from the disease. Vaccines against many diseases Sun vaccines are not effective in any infectious disease, but a certain amount of active disease.

There are more likely to develop the disease are:
Who went to the places where outbreaks of infectious diseases,
Infants under the age of three months,
Anyone who has had contact with a family history of infectious diseases,
Bedridden elderly people and those
Cancer is a disease that paralyzes the immune system,
Immunosuppressive drugs.
Symptoms of infectious diseases: Infectious diseases are some symptoms that almost all patients. These include fever, fatigue, lack of appetite, headache, body pain should be considered. Some diseases can cause a skin rash (scarlet fever, measles, and flower). Diseases of the digestive system, which is usually diarrhea.

Ways and prevention of infectious diseases: every newborn child should be vaccinated when the time comes. To keep the body strong, well-balanced and healthy food and drink should be very careful. Glide ordinary life. Necessarily one of the places to go, infectious disease outbreaks and measures should consult your doctor about vaccinations. Contaminated not eat contaminated food, show attention to cleanliness of the body.

A wide range of treatment of infectious diseases, and also depends on the type of disease-causing microbes. Penicillin and other antibiotics are effective against bacteria. View of single-celled organisms, such as malaria, a disease caused by germs, consisting of various drugs, the improvement of chemicals. Viral disease does not affect the antibiotics.

Infectious diseases: gonorrhea, brucellosis, smallpox, diphtheria, dysentery (amoebic and bacillary), influenza, hepatitis B, measles, cholera, meningitis, psittacosis, malaria, smallpox, tetanus, tularemia, tuberculosis, sleeping sickness, pneumonia, typhoid fever, typhus