Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Fibromyalgia



Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome in which a person has long-term, whole body pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues.

Fibromyalgia has also been brought to the fatigue, sleep disorders, headaches, depression and anxiety.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The cause is not known. Possible causes or triggers of fibromyalgia include:

Physical or emotional trauma

Abnormal pain response - areas of the brain that are responsible for pain may react differently in fibromyalgia patients

Insomnia

Infections, such as viruses, although none has been identified

Fibromyalgia is most common in women aged 20 to 50

The following conditions can be treated with fibromyalgia or mimic its symptoms:
Chronic neck or back pain
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Depression
Hypothyroidism (thyroid)
Lyme disease
Insomnia
Symptoms

Pain in the main symptom of fibromyalgia. This can be mild to severe.

Painful areas are called tender points. Tender points are found in the soft tissue in the back of the neck, shoulders, chest, back, thighs, legs, elbows and knees. The pain then spreads from these areas.

The pain may feel deeply hurt, or shooting, burning pain.

Joints are not affected, although the pain feel like it comes out of the joint.

People with fibromyalgia tend to wake up with body aches and stiffness. In some patients, pain improves during the day and worse at night. Some patients experience pain during the day.

The pain may worsen with activity, cold or damp weather, anxiety and stress.

Fatigue, depression, sleep disturbances are observed in almost all patients with fibromyalgia. Many people say that they do not sleep or sleep, and they feel tired when they wake up.

Other symptoms of fibromyalgia can include:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Memory and concentration
Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
Decreased ability to exercise
Tension or migraine