Typhoid, also known as typhoid fever is common worldwide disease, ingestion of food or water with infected person's stool, which is transmitted by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar bacteria contaminated drilling Typhi.The then through the intestinal wall and phagocytosed by macrophages. Organism Gram-negative short rods, that is mobile due to its peritrichous zhgutikov.Bakterii grows best at 37 ° C / 98.6 ° F - the temperature of the human body.
Fever different names, such as gastric fever, typhoid fever, children remittant fever, slow fever, typhus, typhoid, etc. The name "typhoid fever" comes from neuro-psychiatric symptoms are common, and fever spotted fever (from the Greek τῦφος, "stupor ").
The impact of this disease significantly reduced with the use of modern methods of hygiene.