Tuesday, July 12, 2011

Scabies

Scabies (from the Latin scaber "scratch") , colloquially known as the seven-year itch,  is a contagious skin infection that occurs between humans and other animals. There is a small and usually not visible parasites scabiei, the mite Sarcoptes, the cave under the skin of the host, which may cause allergic zud.Infektsii intense in animals (in connection with a different but related species of ticks) is called sarcoptic mange.

 
The disease can be transmitted from objects, but usually transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact, with a higher risk for prolonged contact. The first infection in four to six weeks, symptomatic. However, reinfection may show symptoms less than 24 hours. Because the symptoms of allergies, their delay in onset is often reflected a significant delay in relief after the parasite has been eliminated. Crusted scabies, a former Norwegian scabies, a severe form of infection is often associated with immunosuppression.

 
The disease can be effectively treated with several drugs. Permethrin cream is most effective, but expensive compared with other treatments. Crotamiton is less effective, but also non-toxic and encouraging. Ivermectin can be administered orally and topically. Treatment Lindane preparations fell out of favor because of high toxicity and parasite resistance. To prevent re-infection, the host contacts are also often included.