Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the cervix or cervical area. One of the most common symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding, but in some cases there may be no obvious symptoms until the cancer at a late stages.Treatment consists of surgery (including local excision) in early stages and chemotherapy and radiotherapy in advanced stages of disease.
Pap test can identify potentially precancerous changes izmeneniy.Lechenie quality may prevent the development of cancer. In developed countries, the widespread use of cervical cancer screening programs the incidence of invasive cervical cancer by 50% or more decreased.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a necessary factor in the development of virtually all cervical cancer cases. HPV vaccine is effective against two HPV strains confirmed that cause about 70% of cervical cancer is now in the U.S., Canada, Australia and the EU. Since the vaccine is only part of the cancer-causing ("high risk") types of HPV, women must have regular Pap tests, even after vaccination.The neck towards the top of the vagina and the back of the uterus.To see a cancer of the cervix on T2-weighted sagittal MR image of the pelvis.
The cervix is ​​the narrow part of the uterus, where it connects to the top of the vagina. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, which are in the squamous (flat) of the epithelial cells of the cervix. Adenocarcinoma, glandular epithelial cells in the second most common. It is very rare in other types of cancer cells occurs in the neck ma