Sunday, January 2, 2011

Mumps

What is mumps?Mumps is an acute viral disease caused by a virus disease that usually spreads through saliva and can be many parts of the body, especially the parotid glands may be affected. These glands, which produce saliva for the mouth, are on the reverse side of each cheek, between the ear and jaw. In cases of mumps, these glands typically swell and ache.Mumps was common until the mumps vaccine was licensed in 1967. Before the vaccine, to 200.000 cases of mumps occurred each year in the United States. Since then the number of cases has fallen dramatically.Outbreaks of mumps still occur in the United States and mumps is still in many parts of the world, so it's always prevent vaccination against mumps is important.What causes mumps?Some causes include mumps-

    
* Mumps is usually caused by a paramyxovirus RNA virus.

    
* Other viruses implicated in periodic flu mumps, coxsackie virus, echo para influenza virus (types 1 and 3) A. Other rare causes of mumps in persons with HIV infection, adenovirus or cytomegalovirus.

    
* Bacterial (suppurative) Mumps infection usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus.

    
* The biggest risk factor is the lack of immunization or rare in children who received only the first dose after 15 months.What are the symptoms of mumps?Some common symptoms of mumps are listed below

    
* Headache.
    
* Pain in the muscles.
    
* A slight increase in temperature, usually lasts about 2-3 days.
    
* Fatigue.
    
* Dry mouth.
    
* Difficulty swallowing.
    
* Loss of appetite.
    
* Pain in the ears.There may be no symptoms or only very minor to be. The immune system makes antibodies during the infection. These fight the virus, and then lifelong immunity. Very rarely more than one episode of mumps have.What is the treatment for mumps is it done?Treatment includes analgesics for pain relief, to prevent antipyretics for fever, and adequate hydration to dehydration from fever and anorexia. If the patient can not swallow, IV Fluid replacement may be used.In addition, there is no specific treatment. Support measures should, as necessary. If someone is very ill, they should seek medical attention. If someone is looking for medical help, they should call their doctor in advance so that they do not sit in the waiting room for a long time and possibly infect other patients.Drugs can be given (eg, antiviral drugs, VZIG, aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are.