Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Zika Virus

Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes.
In response, CDC has issued travel notices for people traveling to regions and certain countries where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.

Prevention

  • No vaccine exists to prevent Zika virus disease (Zika).
  • Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites (see below).
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the daytime.
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
When traveling to countries where Zika virus or other viruses spread by mosquitoes are found, take the following steps:
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
  • Sleep under a mosquito bed net if you are overseas or outside and are not able to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
  • Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents. All EPA-registered insect repellents are evaluated for effectiveness.
    • Always follow the product label instructions
    • Reapply insect repellent as directed.
    • Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing.
    • If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen before applying insect repellent.
  • If you have a baby or child:
    • Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months of age.
    • Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs, or
    • Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.
    • Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.
    • Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.
  • Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated items.
    • Treated clothing remains protective after multiple washings. See product information to learn how long the protection will last.
    • If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully.
    • Do NOT use permethrin products directly on skin. They are intended to treat clothing.

Friday, April 25, 2014

MERS

Facts about MERS
MEPC (Middle East respiratory syndrome ) is a severe respiratory disease pneumonia as caused by a virus . It differs from SARS Because MERS is caused by another virus subtype .
Pneumonia is a general term for inflammation of the air sacs of the lungs caused by an infection or chemical. With pneumonia , the lungs fill with fluid , which interferes with their ability to carry oxygen in the blood. MEPC known as SARS, because it is not caused by normal bacteria or viruses.
MERS Causes: fever, cough and shortness of breath severe . Infection is believed to be spread by close contact with an infected individual .

reasons MERS
Virus called coronavirus is the cause of MERS . There are many types of coronavirus , some face the real cause a cold . Coronavirus MEPC (MEPC - CoV) was a new variant did what is found in 2012 in the Middle East .
How MERS does not extend completely Call Roger, but experts believe made ​​the main way it spreads through close contact with an infected individual ( care or living with someone , or their direct contact with respiratory secretions and body fluids ) . People who have been infected by MERS were all in a medical facility or of close family members.
MEPC different from SARS. Most importantly, the virus does not seem to MERS , as easily spread between people , taking into account that the SARS virus spreads very easily.